When you look up into the sky on a clear night away from the glare of the city, you see trillions upon trillions of stars.
Thousands of years ago, the classical astronomers saw the same thing you do today—except perhaps a little different, due to the ever-changing cosmos. And, like you, they weren’t satisfied with just looking. They wanted to know what was out there.
For hundreds of years, they developed model after model to explain why the stars seemed to orbit the Earth and why certain objects in the sky—which they named planets—seemed to wander backwards from time to time.
Tycho Brahe, an astronomer known mainly for what he got wrong, dismissed the idea of the Earth orbiting the sun because he could detect no parallax between the stars.
If he had been able to measure parallax, he might have realized that the universe was much larger than any of his fellow classical astronomers imagined.
So what is parallax…and how can it help us measure the distances between stars? Continue reading